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South Pacific Islands

Region   |   Birds and bird-watching   |   A rewarding experience
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Region

Solomon Islands, Western ProvinceThe Pacific is the greatest ocean on earth, has an area exceeding that of all dry land on the planet and covers more than a third of the planet's surface.

There are around 30,000 islands throughout the Pacific Basin, which is four times more than are found in all other oceans and seas combined, 7,500 of these occur in the South Pacific and only 500 of these are inhabited. Some are the picture postcard coral and sand islands, as above. Some, such as the main islands of Fiji, Solomons and Samoa are quite large with high and very rugged, weathered volcanic landscapes. There are many active volcanoes, particularly in Vanuatu.

And others, like Rennell and Bellona in the Solomon Islands, are ancient atolls that have been uplifted by tectonic activity. The old lagoons either lake filled or shallow forested hollows.

Viti Levu interior, Fiji Guadacanal interior, Solomon Islands Rennell Island, Solomon Islands

New Caledonia is a chip off the old Gondwana block, with species family links to Australia and New Zealand. Because of these ancient links and it's position out in the Pacific ocean, New Caledonia enjoys very high rates of endemism in it's fauna and flora.

Clare and Karen in melaleuca forest, Mont Koghi Riviere Bleue

 

"The Pacific is the greatest ocean on earth, has an area exceeding that of all dry land on the planet and covers more than a third of the planet's surface."
(David Stanley, South Pacific Handbook)



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